Grammar & Vocabulary YDS - YÖKDİL YDS – YÖKDİL Listening YDS-YÖKDİL READING

READING PASSAGE-B1(with sound and exercises&key)

TO BRING BACK LOST MEMORIES
Our unconscious mind contains many millions of past experiences that, so far as our conscious mind knows, are lost forever. By means of several devices, we now know how to bring back lost memories. One method is “free association”, used by psychiatrists. If a patient lets his conscious mind wander at will, it can give him clues to forgotten things which, if skilfully pursued by the doctor, will bring up whole networks of lost ideas and forgotten terrors. There are certain drugs which also help in this process; hypnotism, too, can be of tremendous value in exploring a patient’s unconscious.

EXERCISE 1: Find words or phrases in the passage which mean the same as:
a) for all time………………….
b) method for doing something, or for getting an intended result………………………
c) allow your thoughts to go from subject to subject; stop concentrating………………………
d) whenever, however, and as much as you want to……………………..
e) something which suggests the answer to, or gives information about a problem………………
f) try to find out more through questioning…………………….
g) large number of things that are connected to each other………………………….
h) something which causes very great fear……………………….
i) very great; very important………………………..

EXERCISE 2: Choose the correct answer according to the passage.
1. According to the passage, it is possible
A) to use drugs to cure patients of their past terrors
B) to bring our lost memories to the surface through several methods
C) that psychological problems develop through the inability to forget certain things
D) that hypnotism can cause a patient to forget past terrors
E) for most people to choose to forget about their past experiences

2. In the method of “free association”
A) unpleasant memories are pushed into the unconscious mind
B) the use of hypnotism is essential
C) certain drugs are more effective than hypnotism
D) all one’s millions of past experiences are easily recalled
E) the patient’s co-operation is needed

3. We can conclude from the passage that
A) most psychological disorders are caused by the inability to forget certain things
B) only a skilful doctor can open up one’s unconscious mind
C) our unconscious mind only contains the things we don’t want to remember
D) many of one’s past experiences are stored in one’s unconscious mind
E) a patient can’t be made aware of his forgotten experiences without drugs or hypnotism

EXERCISE 3: Complete the sentences by selecting words from Column B in EXERCISE 1.
1. I’ve decided not to………………….. the matter just now, but don’t think I’ve forgotten about it.
2. All of you have put………………… effort into the campaign, so it’s thanks to you that everything is going so well.
3. The chairman has given us no………………… as to what he’s going to say at the meeting, so we’ll just have to wait and see.
4. The language teacher has a number of ………………………which she can employ in order to get her students to speak.
5. The lecture was so boring that on several occasions I realized that my attention had started to…………………………………

KEY:

Ex.1: a) forever b) device c) wander d) at will e) clue f) pursue g) network h) terror i) tremendous
Ex.2: 1.B 2.E 3.D
Ex.3: 1.pursue 2.tremendous 3.clue 4.devices 5.wander

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